Unclog Sink Drains
Household drain systems remove wastewater from sinks,
tubs, and showers, dumping it into your home's sewer or drainage system.
A household drain system consists of the drain assembly at the sink, tub,
shower, or floor and the pipes that conduct it out of the house. Most
drains include a trap (a U-shaped pipe) below the fixture to trap sediment
and to create a barrier that prevents drainage odors from traveling back
up the pipe, through the drain, and into the room. Household drain systems
also include a ventilation system to allow gases and odors to escape through
a home's roof.
To unclock a sink drain, start with the easier solutions
CLEAN YOUR POP-UP PLUG
The most common reason for a bathroom sink to be clogged is the pop-up
plug or strainer has become covered with hair. If you have a pop-up plug
in your sink you can try removing it either by twisting it by the plug
or by removing the pivot rod on the back side of the outlet pipe. Once
the pivot arm has been removed, the plug will pull out and you can clean
the hair out with needle nose pliers. Replace the pivot arm (minus the
plug) and flush the drain with hot water. If this unclogs the sink replace
the plug and your done, if not, its time for the Plunger!
HOW TO PLUNGE A DRAIN
Many say using a sink plunger is often all that is needed to unclog your
home plumbing fixtures. Please remember if you choose to plunge your sink
and the pipes are weak from age the plunging action may blow a hole in
them. Costs go up when replacing pipes in a wall. Call us first and save
money in the long run!
CLEAR YOUR P-TRAP
The P-Trap is a common place to find clogs. To remove it first place a
bucket under your sink to collect the water that will come out of the
drain pipe. With a set of large jawed pliers(careful not to scratch the
finish) gently loosen the nuts on the trap and remove it. Don't pry or
use excessive force or you'll damage the drain pipe and need to replace
it. If the trap is full of gunk, clean it out and rinse clean at another
sink. Replace the trap and run hot water to wash away the left over grime
in the pipe.
USING AN AUGER
If you don't have a drain auger on hand, your local plumbing supply store
or hardware store probably sell a small hand auger in the $10-$20 range.
You may also be able to rent a small power drain auger in your area but
make sure you read the operating instructions first. The big power augers
are used to open sewer lines., smaller versions are available for sink
and tub drains.
To use an auger, first remove the trap or clean-out cap/plug.
Pull out a couple feet of auger cable and feed it in the pipe until it
hits an obstruction, which might just be a fitting to change the direction
of the pipe. Spin the auger clockwise until you can move it forward some
more, feeding in more cable. If you think the auger is to the clogged
section spin it some more, and hopefully the end of the auger will grab
on to the clog allowing you to pull it back or break it up. Repeat this
a couple of times before replacing the trap and testing the drain.
CHEMICAL DRAIN CLEANERS
NEVER use drain cleaners if the water in your sink doesn't drain at all,
because if they don't clear the clog, your sink and drain line are going
to be left full of very corrosive chemicals.After using a corrosive drain
cleaner flush your pipes thoroughly. NOTE: We don't recommend using chemical
drain cleaners, because if they don't open your drain you are stuck with
corrosives in your pipes that can cause serious damage.
If all these steps have failed it is time to call in
a professional plumber.